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Digital extended reality, neurotechnologies, climate engineering : questions éthiques pour technologies émergentes.

Digital extended reality – including the techniques of visually eXtended Reality (XR) and the techniques of Natural Language Processing (NLP), neurotechnologies, climate engineering : les enjeux éthiques de ces trois domaines émergents sont analysés dans un intéressant et synthétique rapport pour la Commission européenne, rédigé par Laurynas Adomaitis, Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA), Alexei Grinbaum, CEA, Dominic Lenzi , University of Twente (TU), dans le cadre du projet européen TechEthos. Les objectifs du rapport sont les suivants :

  • “Briefly presents various technologies belonging to the technology family;

  • Describes key applications and use cases;

  • Identifies core ethical dilemmas and provides conceptual arguments for understanding the nature, history and significance of these dilemmas;

  • Identifies ethical values and principles in line with the “ethics by design” methodology and provides a contextualized discussion of the impact of the technology family on each value and principle;

  • Outlines arguments for possible mitigation strategies with regard to each value or principle; 

  • Provides operational checks and balances with regard to each value or principle, in the form of questions to be asked by designers, policy makers, and users of particular technologies.

La reflexion dédiée aux neurotechnologies est particulièrement intéressante en ce qu’elle étudie très précisément les impacts possibles des usages pour  l’automomie (préserver le droit à une « self détermination », l’irréversibilité, la responsabilité, la vie privée « privacy » et le consentement des personnes.
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Adomaitis, L., Grinbaum, A., Lenzi, D. (2022). TechEthos D2.2: Identification and specification of potential ethical issues and impacts and analysis of ethical issues of digital extended reality, neurotechnologies, and climate engineering. TechEthos Project Deliverable. Available at: www.techethos.eu.

Analysis of Ethical Issues

 

 

 

 

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